The main active ingredient is calcium hydroxyapatite, Ionised calcium compounds derived from calf bones. Vitamins: Vitamin D, vitamin K, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin A, B group vitamins.
Calcium is one of the most crucial chemical element that builds and regulates our body. It is responsible for strong teeth and healthy bones. The proper concentration of this element ensures normal blood clotting and contributes to normal muscle function, as well as contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism. We get recommended amounts of calcium from the food we eat. In many cases to avoid calcium deficiencies, a dietary supplement should be considered.
Calcium is a chemical element essential for life. It is responsible for many functions of our body, for example normal function of digestive enzymes and blood clotting. It also ensures normal muscle function and proper functioning of the nervous system. Above all, calcium is an essential building block for bones and teeth. The more of the element is provided to our body in childhood and adolescence, the greater the chance we will have for a stronger, so-called peak bone mass, which is achieved roughly around 30 years of age. Between the age 30 and 50 it is stable, then begins to decrease. Calcium helps to reduce the loss of bone mineral in post-menopausal women. Low bone mineral density is a risk factor for osteoporotic bone fractures. However, this process can start earlier, since up to 99% of calcium is deposited in the bones, and only 1% in the tissues.
The body itself tries to maintain proper calcium levels. However, when calcium intake is inadequate, the calcium begins to be released from bones and this means bones decalcification. Calcium deficiency inhibit maintenance of bone and teeth. An adult human requires about 1,000 mg of calcium per day. However, the demand for calcium varies with age and also depends on the gender. Children and adolescents during intensive growth, pregnant and breastfeeding women as well as menopausal women and older people need more calcium. Meanwhile, with food we provide from 400 to 800 mg of calcium per day, mainly with milk, cheese, yogurt and other dairy products. Also, fish are a rich source of calcium. In addition, the absorption of calcium may be reduced by drinking too much tea, coffee, alcohol, and consuming components of many products, e. g. phytic acid contained in cereals and legumes, oxalates, insoluble fibre fractions, oversupply of phosphorus.
A diet rich in sugar, fats and table salt also reduces the absorption of calcium. In the case of risk of calcium deficiency, in addition to a proper diet, supplementation is thus required. TIENS has created a series of calcium supplements, fitted to different needs of the body. Nutrient Super Calcium Powder is a universal product containing calcium and a set of vitamins. Each of the TIENS calcium supplements contains organic ionised calcium, well absorbed by the body (approximately 95%).
The Tiens Calcium preparation contains easily assimilable, ionized calcium compounds derived from calf bones. It is worth remembering that calcium is naturally found in the ionic form. Upon entry into the body, it is converted to a molecular form (an insoluble calcium salt). Such a molecule cannot enter the cell, because only for ions can get across the cell membrane. Thus, it is better to use supplements containing ionized calcium, not calcium carbonate (derived from oyster shells, for instance), which is less digestible and may neutralize gastric juices.
Vitamins help the body absorb calcium, hence their presence in the preparation. Vitamin D contributes to normal absorption of calcium and phosphate in the body, which means the amount of calcium and phosphorus, absorbed in the intestine from food into the bloodstream, depends to a great extent on this vitamin. Vitamin D deficiency reduces calcium absorption, even when the diet is rich in this micro-element. This may finally result in bone demineralisation. Additionally, vitamin D contributes to the normal function of the immune system, hence its deficiency increases the risk of infection.
An additional ingredient contained in the product – vitamin C – contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress, it means that protecting against free radicals. In addition – vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal function of blood vessels, bones, skin, teeth, cartilage and gums. TIENS preparation also contains vitamin A.
Vitamin A contributes to the normal function of the immune system and has a role in the process of cell specialization (it means that the cell belongs to a specific tissue and adapts to perform a specific function), whereas iron contributes to the normal function of the immune system. Additionally, in the Tiens Calcium preparation also contains phosphorus.
Phosphorus is a macronutrient that is essential for the functioning of cells. It is a component of bones, nucleic acids and many compounds that transfer energy at the molecular level, such as ATP. This macronutrient is necessary because contributes to normal function of cell membranes, maintenance of normal bones and teeth.